For my Principles of Fashion (FASH 100) class, we have to design a whole bunch of outfits, using a croquis, that illustrate the design elements and principles. A croquis is a fashion drawing of a person, onto which you draw an outfit. For this class we are provided croquis to use. For my Fashion Drawing class, we learn to draw our own croquis. Each design we do for the Principles class emphasizes one of the elements or principles, and we have to write a short analysis stating “where it is, what it does, and it’s effect.” For example: The line of buttons running up the center of the coat illustrates rhythm, drawing the eye of the viewer in and up to the face.
So what are these “elements” and “principles” that I can’t seem to write about?
Rhythm is a sense of movement or eye flow in a design.
Proportion is the relationship of various spaces to the whole.
Emphasis creates a center of interest by focusing the viewer’s attention on a specific area of the garment.
Balance involves equaling the visual weight or space of different parts of a garment.
Harmony is achieved when all of the elements of a design work together to produce a successful visual effect.
Silhouette is the outline or shape of a garment: tubular, bell, bustle, wedge
Line is the style or construction lines that divide the space within a garment creates interest, mood, movement, and optical illusion; it leads eye.
Texture refers to the surface appearance and feel of the fabric. Textural size, contrast and emphasis need to be considered in any design.
Color is so complex it gets it’s own unit of study.
We’re talking nine run-on sentences per design. Bleh.